Multiple Cases with Probable Treponemal Infection from Late Medieval/Early Modern Romania

The main subject of this paper is represented by the pathological lesions identified on six skeletons discovered in the University Square necropolis from Bucharest, Romania, dated in the Late Medieval/Early Modern period. Differential diagnosis for the inflammatory processes observed on the skeletons is explored in each case, taking into consideration treponemal infection, tuberculosis, osteomyelitis and leprosy, along with the possibility of multiple affections occurring simultaneously. The morphology and distribution of the lesions are suggestive of treponematosis, which, to our knowledge, has yet to be identified for the Romanian territory. The pathological evidence is correlated with data from the written sources in order to assess the prevalence of the disease within the populational group buried in the Saint Sava cemetery. Furthermore, the consequences of this condition for the population of Bucharest are discussed, as well as the routes by which the infection could have reached the Romanian territory.

Publication:International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Published: 2014
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