Anthropological report regarding the human bones from Piata Universitatii

During the period February-May 2013 there were analyzed 378 skeletons from 360 graves (27 were re-inhumations). From the total of 378 skeletons 148 were assigned as males, 82 as females and 148 as indeterminable. By ages, from the total of 378 skeletons 296 were determined as adults and 82 as sub-adults.
For 160 skulls there were applied discriminant functions (based on the cranial traits). In addition, in 176 skeletons the hip bones features were used for sex determination.
Dental pathology: number of erupted tooth positions = 3826, number of erupted permanent teeth = 3179, number of permanent teeth with carious lesions = 325, number of pre-mortem teeth lost = 598, number of abscesses observed = 240. The resorption is present in 147 cases and dental calculus in 162 cases. Enamel hypoplasia was identified in 130 cases for mandibular canines, in 115 cases for mandibular incisors, in 108 cases for maxillary canines and 104 cases for maxillary incisors.
Cribra orbitalia was recorded in 157 cases and cribra cranii in 174 cases. Osteoperiostitis was found in 189 individuals.
The traumas observed include 48 fractures, found in 31 skeletons also 108 cases of violent injuries were found in 36 skeletons.


In five skeletons there were identified lesions typical for syphilis. For example M 0068B (male, 40-50 years) presents syphilitic lesions on the femurs and left tibia. The bones exhibit irregular surfaces with parallel lamellar bone and both femurs diaphyses are thicken. M 0122A (a child about 1.6 years) displays on the glabella area from the frontal, a remodeled bone caused by the lytic lesions; cribra orbitalia/cranii was also recorded. The skeleton from M 0137 (male, 30.5 years) has on the frontal and parietals bones active destructive lesions and on the clavicles and arms bones present lytic loci and reactive periostitis; the diagnostic is congenital syphilis. On the frontal bone of M 0302 (male, 33-45.5 years) were found 11 caries sica lesions and several syphilitic modifications are on the clavicles and tibiae. Classical syphilis lesions are present on the tibiae and fibulae of M 0318 (indeterminate, 30-50 years).
The skeleton from M 0068A (a child about 1.6-3 years) has the humeri, radii, ulnae, femurs, tibiae and left fibulae deformed due to the rickets. All these bones have extended metaphyses. The arms bones are moderately curved but those of the legs are significant curved.
In M 0231 (male, 33-42 years) the skeleton shows lesions associated with tuberculosis on the posterior distal left humerus, on the posterior distal left radius, in five ribs with porosity, on both femurs with bone modifications in the area of great trochanter and on the both tibiae with porosity on the diaphyses.

Authors:LUMINITA ANDREICA, MIHAI CONSTANTINESCU, MIHAELA CULEA, CLAUDIA RADU, ANDREI SOFICARU
Published: 2013
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