Anthropological Data for the Human Skeleton from Baba Cave

The skeleton was discovered in 2008 during the archaeological excavations in the Baba Cave (Cheia village, Gradina Township, Constanta County) by a team supervised by Dr. Valentina Voinea (Museum of National History and Archaeology from Constanta) and Dr. Bartłomiej Szmoniewski (Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology from Kraków).
The depth of grave was 0.50-0.80 m with an orientation of W-E, and the skeleton has a warrior inventory: iron pieces of harness, two bronze buckles, and pieces of animal bones from a bow, an iron sword with wooden scabbard. Based on the inventory the grave is dated between middle of 10th to middle of 11th century.
The skeleton analyzed belongs to male who died at 35-40 years old. The skull shows an occipital plagiocephaly possible caused by a lambdoidal synostosis. In childhood suffered of deprivation as the mandibular incisors and canine indicate the enamel hypoplasia. Also, during the life he suffered some injuries caused by violence: some blows on the head, broken nose, and the fracture of a rib. Osteoarthritis which affected some articulations and the muscles insertions suggest an active life.

Authors:A. D. SOFICARU
Publication:Pontica, no. 47
Published: 2014
Developed by NETVision System